Trojan.Agent refers to a generic Trojan malware detection. It is used for detections that are either associated with no specific malware families or not enough information is available to pinpoint the malware family.
Trojan.Dropper is the generic detection for trojans that drop additional malware on an affected system.
Downloaders and droppers are helper programs for various types of malware such as Trojans and rootkits. Usually they are implemented as scripts (VB, batch) or small applications.
They don’t carry any malicious activities by themselves, but just open a way for attack by downloading/decompressing and installing the core malicious modules. To avoid detection, a dropper may also create noise around the malicious module by downloading/decompressing some harmless files.
Downloaders often appear in non-persistent form. They install the malicious module and remove themselves automatically. In such a case, after a single deployment they are no longer a threat. If for some reason they haven’t removed themselves, they can be deleted manually.
More dangerous variants are persistent. They copy themselves to some random, hidden file and create registry keys to run after the system is restarted, attempting to download the malicious modules again. In such cases, to get rid of the downloader it is necessary to find and remove the created keys and the hidden file.
Downloaders and droppers emerged from the idea of malware files that were able to download additional modules (i.e. Agobot, released in 2002).
An interesting example of a modern downloader is OnionDuke (discovered in 2014), carried by infected Tor nodes. It is a wrapper over legitimate software. When a user downloads software via an infected Tor proxy, OnionDuke packs the original file and adds a malicious stub to it. When the downloaded file is run, the stub first downloads malware and installs it on a computer, and then unpacks the legitimate file and removes itself in order to be unnoticed.
Most of the time, the user gets infected by using some unauthenticated online resources. Infections are often consequences of activities like:
They may also be installed without user interaction, carried by various exploit kits.
Malwarebytes protects users from Trojan.Dropper by using real-time protection.
Malwarebytes can detect and remove Trojan.Dropper without further user interaction.