Microsoft has released patches for 74 security problems, including fixes for seven “critical” vulnerabilities, and an actively exploited zero-day vulnerability that affects all supported versions of Windows.
First, we’ll look at the actively exploited zero-day. Then we’ll discuss two zero-days that are publicly disclosed, but so far no in the wild exploits have been reported. And we’ll finish off with a few others that are worth keeping an eye on.
LSA spoofing zero-day
Microsoft has addressed an actively exploited Windows LSA spoofing zero-day that allows unauthenticated attackers to remotely force domain controllers to authenticate them via the Windows NT LAN Manager (NTLM) security protocol.
CVE-2022-26925: An unauthenticated attacker could call a method on the LSARPC interface and coerce the domain controller to authenticate to the attacker using NTLM. The security update detects anonymous connection attempts in LSARPC and disallows it.
LSA (short for Local Security Authority) is a protected Windows subsystem that enforces local security policies and validates users for local and remote sign-ins. LSARPC is a protocol that enables a set of remote procedure calls (RPCs) to the LSA. Microsoft warns that the CVSS score would be 9.8 out of 10 when this vulnerability is chained with the noted NTLM Relay Attacks on Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS).
The attack vector is closely related to the PetitPotam attacks we saw last year. If you are looking which patches to prioritize, this vulnerability affects all servers but domain controllers should be prioritized in terms of applying security updates.
Windows Hyper-V vulnerability
CVE-2022-22713: A denial of service (DoS) vulnerability in Windows Hyper V. Successful exploitation of this vulnerability requires an attacker to win a race condition. A race condition occurs when two or more threads can access shared data and they try to change it at the same time.
Hyper V is a native hypervisor, which means it can create virtual machines on x86-64 systems running Windows. The vulnerability only affects Windows Server (version 20H2) and Windows 10 x-64 based systems (versions 20H2 , 21H1, 21H2).
CVE-2022-29972: A vulnerability that affects the Amazon Redshift ODBC and JDBC drivers and Amazon Athena ODBC and JDBC drivers due to improper validation of authentication tokens which may allow for unintended program invocation.
Microsoft products Azure Synapse Pipelines and Azure Data Factory are affected by a vulnerability in the Magnitude Simba Amazon Redshift ODBC Driver. An ODBC driver uses the Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) interface by Microsoft that allows applications to access data in database management systems (DBMS) using SQL (Structured Query Language) as a standard for accessing the data.
The vulnerability was dubbed SynLapse by the researchers that discovered it. They believe the tenant separation in the Microsoft Azure Synapse service is insufficiently robust to protect secrets against other tenants.
Windows Network File System
Next is a Remote Code Execution (RCE) vulnerability affecting Windows Network File System (NFS) listed under CVE-2022-26937. This vulnerability could be exploited over the network by making an unauthenticated, specially crafted call to a Network File System (NFS) service to trigger a Remote Code Execution (RCE). Microsoft considers it likely to be exploited and it is one of the highest-rated vulnerabilities of the month with a CVSS score of 9.8 out of 10.
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
CVE-2022-21972: a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol Remote Code Execution vulnerability. An unauthenticated attacker could send a specially crafted connection request to a RAS server, which could lead to remote code execution (RCE) on the RAS server machine. A remote access server (RAS) is a type of server that provides a suite of services to remotely connected users over a network or the Internet.
CVE-2022-23270: another Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol Remote Code Execution vulnerability. An unauthenticated attacker could send a specially crafted connection request to a RAS server, which could lead to remote code execution (RCE) on the RAS server machine.
Successful exploitation of these two vulnerabilities requires an attacker to win a race condition.
Microsoft is not the only vendor to issue patches. Here are some other that may deserve your attention.
Stay safe, everyone!